Warts: What are they and how to get rid of them?

About a quarter of the population suffers from problems such as warts. Some people don't pay attention to them, but some people worry and try to treat them. Most tumors do not pose a specific threat, but there are lethal (malignant) types.

warts on fingers

Their appearance is a serious skin disease caused by the entry of human papillomavirus into the body with a weakened immune system or a severe condition. The virus affects not only the visible parts of the body: hands, face, legs, but also the internal systems of the body and exists for life. A person is unaware of the disease, is a carrier, and unfortunately infects healthy people.

Today, more than one hundred such pathogens are known. Only humans are susceptible to it, so the fear of being infected by animals, especially toads, is a myth.

What are warts?

wartIt is a benign tumor of the skin caused by a virus. It develops in the form of nodules or nipples. They can be one at a time or in tight groups. Spread among immunocompromised children and adults.

In children, there is a desire to tear off or just scratch the wart, which can cause the infection to spread to clean areas of the skin. Warts behave completely unexpectedly: they can go away on their own without having any effect on them, or they may not be affected by the most effective medications and treatments.

types of warts


oval plaqueUp to 9mm, just above the skin. Painted greyish-yellow or yellowish-pink. They form many clusters. Cause itching. On the surface, they resemble nettle burns. Appears on the back of the skin of the face, neck, arms and legs, on the body of girls, boys. This species is not found in adults. Occurs during hormonal changes in the body.

Hence the second namejuvenile warts. Their appearance on the facial skin of young men may trigger the onset of razor use: wounds on the skin of the face, neck and failure to observe basic hygiene rules. Pass it by yourself.

a photo

Pictures of flat warts clearly demonstrate the characteristics of this type:

flat wart


The most common type. It especially affects children. Location - fingers, palms, hands, rarely on mucous membranes. Grows 0. 5 to 2 mm, flesh-colored, possibly with red patches.

Growing from maternal warts to children. This type of treatment is not required. After 3-6-8 months, they will go away on their own. Some cases have been identified when warts persist for 1. 5 years. Of course, it can also be removed if there is a large area of skin or if it causes discomfort when moving.

a photo

The photo shows the structure and location of the common wart on the finger:

common wart


A common sight among the elderly. In rare cases, pregnant women can be affected, suggesting problems during pregnancy, and problems with women's menopause, as the hormonal background can go astray. In the initial stage, a lump develops that gradually increases in size and is a 5 to 10 mm flesh-colored thread. They can be combined in groups to form scallops.

They appear in women around the eyes, nose, neck, groin, armpits, chest, where the skin is delicate, wrinkled and sweaty. It requires careful observation and treatment by a specialist. They didn't go by themselves. It needs treatment or removal.

a photo

Photos show striking filiform warts:

filiform wart

condyloma acuminatum

squadFlesh pink, into slices. On the surface, they resemble cauliflower inflorescences. They develop on the genitals, anus, and rarely in the mouth, urethra. In appearance, warts are confused with mother-of-pearl papules, which are not a disease.

Genital warts are soft to the touch, attached to thin stems and vary in size: from 2 mm to 10 cm. They are only sexually transmitted and therefore belong to the eponymous venereal disease. Areas with small cracks or injuries are especially vulnerable.

They appear 2-3 months after sexual contact, a process that can last for decades if immunity is very good. The spread of the virus in the body can lead to cervical cancer in women and penile cancer in men. Therefore, if warts of this type are found, it is important to urgently contact a doctor-specialist: venereologist, gynecologist. Get rid of only treatment and removal.

a photo

Photos showing sharp (anogenital) warts:

condyloma acuminatum

Old age (seborrheic keratosis)

Mostly occurs in the elderly.dark brown or blackSimilar to melanoma (malignant tumor), it is important to consult an oncologist. Appears on face, neck, torso. This type of tumor is the only one that is not caused by human papillomavirus. Over time, the wart becomes dense to the touch and covered with a keratinized crust with black or white "pearls".

Location - chest, neck, face, arms. Do not appear on soles and palms. Ranging in size from 2 mm to 6 cm, single growths and as many as dozens of aggregates are possible. In patients with seborrheic keratosis multiplex, a family history is sometimes noted, which reflects a genetic predisposition.

The species develops slowly over several decades and does not undergo malignant transformation. They require observation and treatment. Remove as directed by your doctor.

IMPORTANT: With the appearance of tumors on the skin of older adults, you should see a dermatologist and oncologist immediately to avoid missing a skin cancer development!

a photo

The pictures show the four stages of development of senile warts.

Spot stage:

Senile warts in the spot stage

Papular forms (nodules and papules):

Nodules and papules in seborrheic keratosis


keratinized warts

Skin corners:

Stages of development of senile warts - skin angle

Typical location of warts

Warts most commonly appear in the following places:

  • Facial warts:

    • Flattening - the most common type, affects the cheeks, the area around the mouth.
    • Vulgar - Can appear in single or multiple distinct areas on any part of the face.
    • Filamentous - Favorite places are the eyelids, lips, neck.
  • Warts on hands and arms:

    • Vulgar - affects fingers, palms, hands (photo).
    • Flat - back of palm, outside of elbow area, nail plate (photo).
  • Plantar warts.Positioning - fingertips, bases, feet. Plantar warts are often referred to as "spikes". Appears in places where shoes are under pressure, especially if your feet sweat a lot. Yellow-gray keratinization products. Look at the appearance individually, and in rare cases, a group of three to five formations. Causes discomfort when walking. Excision by self or surgery, cautery.

Causes of warts

As we already know, the origin of tumors is insidiousHuman papillomavirus.Transmission from an infected person to a healthy person through household, sexual contact, or items used in groups.

It is easy to catch the virus in places of rest - bathrooms, saunas, beaches, swimming pools. Nighttime is good for infection because the sun's rays are harmful to the virus. Symptoms of the disease appear after two to five months.

Factors that cause warts to appear:

  • Weak immunity.
  • Synthetic shoes.
  • sweating.
  • Violation of metabolism in the body.
  • Endocrine Pathology.
  • pressure.
  • Fungal and other infectious diseases.
  • Hygiene is not enough.
  • The body lacks nutrients.
  • Casual sex.
  • Sterility and antiseptic rules are not respected in manicures and pedicures.

Treat warts at home

When buildup occurs, first, you should seek the advice of a dermatologist. He will examine and determine the nature and type of education taking place. He will prescribe the appropriate treatment for your situation. In the initial stages, drug treatment is very effective.

in children

Treatment of warts in children:

  1. Ointment prescribed by a dermatologist. Treat the wart directly, steam it out, and wait for full absorption. Effects occur from two weeks to two months.
  2. Medical plaster for warts. It is saturated with salicylic acid. The advantage of the patch is that it covers the affected area. This does not prevent children from playing. It also prevents bacteria from entering the wound, thereby preventing further spread of the virus.
  3. Antiviral therapy.
  4. Use medication to protect the immune system.
  5. Conduct preventive vitamin classes.

Traditional Medicine Tips:

  • Fresh juice of celandine, dandelion or garlic. Treat warts several times a day.
  • Add vinegar to the dough. Mix two drops of essence with flour. Cut a small hole in the patch equal to the size of the wart. Paste the blanks, thus protecting the healthy areas of the skin. We put a piece of the resulting dough into the hole, securing it on top with another small piece of plaster. It is best to perform surgery at night. Results could be in the morning.
  • Lotion of wormwood decoction.

If a new tumor develops after removal, you should consider the immune status of the baby. It's important to think carefully about your child's nutrition and spend more time walking in the fresh air. If the body's defenses are fully functioning, you don't need to know how to remove warts from your child. The body will be able to deal with the virus on its own.

in adults

You can use chemicals from the pharmacy: antiviral ointments and creams that contain bases or acids.

Additionally, you can use:

  1. Caustic agent based on phenol and m-cresol. Using the applicator, treat warts without touching healthy skin. For the removal of plantar, filiform and common warts.
  2. Prepared with sodium hydroxide. It is considered the best remedy. Use strictly as directed by your doctor.
  3. Remedy with celandine juice. Not only is this medicine used to remove warts, it is also an antiviral agent.
  4. Spray the refrigerant, the temperature is -57 degrees.
  5. Solutions based on different acid mixtures.
  6. Antiviral gel containing unique synthetic peptides. Suitable for adults and children.
  7. A combination of polysaccharides, acetic and citric acids, potassium iodide, aromatic plant extracts and celandine. The drug has no side effects.

wart removal

You will need to have the wart checked by a doctor first, which will help understand why it occurs and prevent recurrence.

laser removal

main method. Quick and painless will help get rid of buildup. Used on children from an early age. Fights all types of warts.

There are many contraindications:

  • Chronic disease exacerbation on ARVI or treatment;
  • hypertension;
  • malignant education;
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding.

The procedure uses a high-tech surgical laser. In any tumor, the pathogens die under the heat of the laser beam. The beam acts on the surface of the skin and does not touch or damage the skin. The main advantage of this method is that the operator of the laser equipment can easily control the power and depth of the beam.

It is not recommended to wet the wound after surgery, go to bathhouses, saunas, swimming pools, solariums, avoid direct sunlight, do not use cosmetics, and do not hide under plasters.

Benefits of treatment:

  • no risk of infection;
  • the wound does not bleed;
  • the minimum time for the procedure;
  • once is enough;
  • Methods for any type of wart;
  • There is no age limit.

Remove with liquid nitrogen (frozen)

The death of wart tissue cells occurs during freezing. This method is suitable for hypokeratotic growth.


  • Sensitivity to nitrogen;
  • seizures;
  • hypertension;
  • the first few months of pregnancy and breastfeeding;
  • SARS and other infections.

Use a special nozzle freezer applicator or a wooden stick with a cotton tip. The impact on education during the period10-40 seconds. Growth turns white, bubbles appear within an hour, and should not be pierced or cut under any circumstances. It will disappear on its own within a week, gradually drying up. Finally, the treatment marks will disappear within two to three weeks.

When treating flat warts, the doctor will do skin coloring: 4 times, 2 minutes apart.

Treatment of plantar warts is painful because of the need for deeper nitrogen exposure. For efficiency, the procedure is performed 3-4 times over four days. In severe growth forms, treatment is delayed for up to six months. The recovery period takes three weeks because of pain during the healing process, which can cause discomfort when walking.


  • acceptable price;
  • Short-term procedures that do not require preparation;
  • The development of infection is excluded;
  • Leaves no scars.


  • need anesthesia;
  • Skin burns may result if the exposure depth is not calculated accurately.
  • Repeating lessons for large warts.

Electrocautery (coagulation)

special instrumentsCoagulatorgenerate high frequency current. It has a tip with a ring electrode. The doctor controls and regulates the current supply. Under the influence of the discharge, the cells inside the wart reach a temperature of 80 degrees. They are dying. Education is cut off. The crust finally disappeared within a week.


  • herpes activity;
  • Malignant tumors or suspicion of them;
  • Inflammation of the surgical area;
  • Warts are located close to blood vessels.


  • The process takes very little time - from a few seconds to a minute;
  • The ability to burn multiple growths at once;
  • no bleeding;
  • There is no risk of infection.


  • need anesthesia;
  • damage to surrounding tissue;
  • An unpleasant tingling sensation after surgery;
  • Routine handling of the shell;
  • scar.

excision with scalpel

Traditional, simple removal method. Before surgery, the area is anesthetized and the growths are then severed with a scalpel. The wound was sutured and removed on the eighth day. This method is used for extensive lesions when other methods are ineffective. leave scars. There is a risk of infection, followed by new lesions.


  • large-sized warts;
  • Suspected development of malignant tumor;
  • Contraindications to other methods.

Minimum contraindications:

  • worsening of herpes or other infections;
  • Chronic diseases do not require additional testing;
  • Pregnant women are rejected by doctors at their discretion.


Prevention of warts:

  1. health.
  2. Permanent partner.
  3. Personal items.
  4. Vitamin therapy.
  5. Maintain immunity.

Advanced medicine and various methods of dealing with warts cannot affect the complete eradication of human papillomavirus, unfortunately, its rate is increasing in all countries of the world.You cannot leave an illness unattended.Continued monitoring by specialists and prompt treatment will help prevent the risk of malignant transformation.