Spikes on the Feet - Causes and Treatment

Calluses, small bruises on the heels, corns - all these can cause mild discomfort to its owner. However, if the tumor causes acute pain when walking, it should be considered and sought immediate medical attention. It has the potential to cause symptoms such as prickles on the feet - a type of wart usually located on the heel or toes that requires long-term treatment.

what is a spike

Plantar wart, goose, or Verruca plantaris in Latin - this is what experienced doctors call a tumor that resembles corn in appearance but causes a painful tingling sensation when walking. The spikes are thought to be a root-attached wart deep in the skin. Conclusions can be cured by folk methods, only deep freezing methods, laser removal and electrocoagulation help to completely remove the spines from the feet.

The geese that grow deep into the skin contact and damage nerve endings and can cause cracks and inflammation on the surface of the foot. The skin growths are mainly on the skin of the feet, heels, toes or hands, but sometimes vulnerable parts of the body are also susceptible to the virus: the face, neck, ankles. Like any other wart, the spine on the foot is a benign tumor, but if not treated properly, it can develop into a malignant tumor.

Educational Features

Plantar warts usually vary in diameter from 1-2 cm, but sometimes tumors can reach 4-5 cm in size. Clear boundaries. To the touch, the formation is very dense and painful. Under a microscope, a dark-brown spot can be seen in the center of the spine. If you look closely at the growth after steaming the legs, you can see that there are silk threads on the surface of the spikes that grow on each layer of the skin.

Plantar warts (spiky)

first signs of appearance

Early in development, the spike on the foot looks like a dry callus with a hardened outer shell. However, if not handled properly, the tumor can grow in size, change color, become bumpy, and a small hole forms in the middle through which the rod can be clearly seen. When pressed on the foot, there is a sharp pain, as if a needle or prick is stuck in the foot. If the tumor is not removed right away, new growths may appear nearby over time.

How the infection happens

Plantar warts are a viral disease that can be contracted through open wounds on the soles of the feet, through contact with sick people, or through shared objects. Bacteria are especially comfortable in wet conditions, so people with sweaty feet are prone to stings. Many times the infection occurs after a visit to a swimming pool, shower, gym. To prevent plantar warts, doctors recommend that you always carry personal hygiene items and swimming shoes with you.

Causes of plantar warts

It causes spikes in the feet of human papillomavirus, which is present even in healthy bodies. However, when certain conditions arise, bacteria begin to multiply actively, triggering skin damage. Immunocompromised people, pregnant women and children are especially at risk. Spikes on the feet can develop due to frequent rubbing of the feet in tight-fitting shoes due to congenital or acquired deviations in bone structure (eg, clubfoot). Factors that trigger the development of the virus in the body also include:

  • Excessive sweating on the palms, between the toes, and feet;
  • constant stress, overwork, lack of sleep;
  • Skin injuries, cuts or burns on the legs or hands;
  • exacerbation of chronic disease;
  • Infectious and viral diseases - influenza, SARS, tonsillitis;
  • wearing uncomfortable or tight shoes;
  • flatfoot;
  • vitamin deficiency;
  • excess weight.

How to Get Rid of Stings

If suspicious structures develop on the soles of your feet, you should not delay seeing your doctor. The sooner a correct diagnosis is made and treatment begins, the less risk there is for the wart to grow deep into the soft tissue. There are several ways to treat papilloma: physical effects on the wart, surgery, chemicals to remove the growth, complex treatments to boost immunity. Minimally invasive methods are particularly popular.

Doctor examining patient's foot with magnifying glass

Physical effect on warts

A scalpel is rarely used today to remove papilloma because this method is not 100% guaranteed to eliminate the problem. The remaining processes in the skin layer can cause recurrence and larger tumor growth. This treatment is acceptable if all other options are unavailable. The surgery was performed under local anesthesia, followed by a long rehabilitation period.

chemical method

This option is considered one of the best options for conservative management of the spinal cord. Corrosive substances that are part of some medications, when they enter the affected area of the skin, cause cell necrosis, after which the keratinized particles are easily removed mechanically. It is worth noting that this option is painful and can cause the appearance of scarring and scarring on the body. There are several types of preparations with chemical components:

  • Has a necrotic effect - they cause mummification of the skin surface due to a very aggressive composition. Such drugs are absolutely contraindicated during pregnancy and during treatment of children.
  • Keratolytics - agents that gently exfoliate dead skin cells and help soften rough skin. Use in combination with other medications enhances the effect and aids deep penetration of the active ingredient. Keratolytic drugs include: ointments and acid solutions, urea patches.
  • Has a hypothermic effect - they act like a cryo-destroy procedure, freezing and stopping papilloma growth.


For a speedy recovery, as well as local remedies, doctors recommend medications that stimulate the immune system. For this purpose, immunostimulants are prescribed. At home, immunotherapy includes normalization of nutrition. The menu should include more fresh fruits, vegetables, juices. Also, you can do light exercise - swimming, running, cycling.

How to get rid of spikes on legs at home

Healing thorns with simple methods can be difficult. The whole difficulty is removing the root of a benign tumor, otherwise the problem will recur in the future. If you are concerned about spikes on your feet, special preparations will help remove it:

  • Salicylic acid ointment - topical remedy. It has antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties. The ointment should be applied in a thin layer to the pre-steamed and dried skin. To enhance the effect, an occlusive dressing can be applied from above. It must be done once a day until the papilloma is completely gone. If desired, ointments can be replaced with special patches or preparations based on salicylic and lactic acid.
  • Ointment containing interferon alfa-2b is a drug with antiviral and immunomodulatory effects. Apply a thin layer of the ointment to the lesion 3-4 times a day. The duration of the course of treatment is 4-7 days. Contraindications include: individual intolerance to the ingredients and children under one year of age.
  • Special Pencil is an antiseptic silver-containing preparation. The surface of the pencil is moistened with water and the product is applied to damaged skin while avoiding affecting the healthy epidermis. Pencils should not be used during pregnancy to treat papilloma in children, neck or face.
  • A liquid developed on the basis of a mixture of strong bases. Before application, the healthy skin around the papilloma must be lubricated with an oil-based cream, and a drop of the solution must be applied strictly to the center of the growth. Treat until the plantar wart is completely burned. Notably, the procedure is very painful and can cause itching and burning.
  • Isotretinoin-based local agent. Belongs to the group of keratolytic drugs, available in tablet form. Capsules are taken at a dose of 0. 5-1 mg/kg with meals for up to four months. This medicine is contraindicated during pregnancy. With caution, you can take the pills for diabetes, obesity, kidney and liver insufficiency.
  • Keratolytic ointment to help treat advanced plantar warts. When applied to the skin, the active ingredient in the product disrupts the nerve connections between dead cells. The product is produced on the basis of urea, salicylic acid, citric acid, lactic acid. It can sometimes cause adverse reactions such as burning, itching and redness of the skin at the application site.
  • Liquid based on phenol and tricresol with mummy effect. The method of use is the same as the alkaline solution treatment. The drug is contraindicated in the presence of moles next to papilloma, allergies and children under 7 years of age.

How to remove spikes from feet

If the plantar wart has penetrated deep into the skin, conventional topical creams, solutions, and ointments may not help. In this case, doctors recommend minimally invasive methods of wart removal: electrocoagulation, laser removal using liquid nitrogen freezing - cryodestruction. Not only will these methods help remove the spikes from your feet, but they will also prevent it from reappearing in the future.

Freeze damage

Burn the wart and its rhizomes with liquid nitrogen. Under the influence of cold, the papilloma's body is destroyed, the area of inflammation decreases, and more viruses and bacteria die. A small bubble will remain at the surgical site, and it will go away on its own within a week and a half to two weeks. The procedure is performed without anesthesia and does not cause pain. The downside of surgery is the long recovery period and the potential to damage the skin next to the wart. You cannot undergo cancer cryosurgery.


This method only shows good results in the initial stages of spine emergence, when the filiform roots have not had time to hit most of the foot. When the skin is exposed to high-frequency current pulses, the papilloma is removed, so the spikes on the feet and their rhizomes are burned off. The downside of this procedure is pain: After the procedure, bleeding wounds remain on the body. Sometimes scarring may appear after removal by electrical current.

Pulsed Laser Therapy

One of the most popular and popular plantar wart treatments. The removal is performed under the influence of a laser beam that simultaneously cauterizes the papilloma and sterilizes the skin surface at the surgical site. The laser treatment method does not cause any complications, and the patient recovers quickly after surgery, completely ruling out the possibility of foot spur regrowth. The only disadvantage of this method is the high cost of operation.

Laser treatment of plantar warts

Spikes on the legs - treated with folk remedies

Combined with complex medication at home, plantar warts can be removed using traditional medicines. There are several effective ways to get rid of prickles on feet, palms, and toes:

  1. If you regularly use a nettle dressing on the sore spot, the spikes on your heels will go away. To prepare it, chop the nettle leaves, wrap them in clean burdock leaves, and secure with a Band-Aid. Put the socks on your feet and leave the dressing on overnight. The duration of this treatment is 3-4 sessions. Following the same principle, you can use Kalanchoe, potatoes and garlic as a compress.
  2. Vinegar lotion helps a lot. To cook them, use fresh garlic and 9% vinegar. Mix the ingredients into a paste and apply, then use the patch to secure healthy skin. Allow the mixture to age for about an hour and a half to two hours, then wash it off with lukewarm water. To enhance the effect of the lotion, it is recommended to treat the surface of the foot with an ointment containing salicylic acid.
  3. A drug that is equally effective against human papillomavirus is iodine. It dries the skin well, disinfects and helps relieve inflammation. In order to treat spikes on the feet with iodine, it is necessary to lubricate the affected area of the body regularly.
  4. Folk remedies of the alkaline preparation type can be prepared at home. To do this, collect, grind or chop celandine leaves and pour in 90% medical alcohol. The mixture is kept in a cool place for 1. 5-2 weeks, then filtered. You need to apply the solution point by point, seal the skin around the spikes with a plaster, or apply a greasy cream. The duration of celandine juice treatment depends on tumor growth, but should not exceed 30 days.
  5. Painful tumors can be cauterized with salt water from canned cucumbers or tomatoes. To do this, put on thick wool socks, soak in salt water and put them on. From above, wrap your legs in plastic wrap or a bag. To create a greenhouse effect, secure the compress with a clean, dry sock. Do a hot compress at night and wash your feet with cold water in the morning. This procedure should be performed until all nodules have resolved.